Investigating the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Strategic Leadership Style of Managers: A Case Study at the Islamic Azad University

Authors

1 Ph.D. in Health Psychology, Graduate of the Comprehensive Course in Psychiatry and Mental Health from the University of Sydney, Australia

2 - Master's student in psychology, Gachsaran branch, Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran, Iran

3 Researcher, Ph.D. in Sociology, Graduate of the Comprehensive Course in Resilience from the University of Pennsylvania, USA

4 Ph.D. in Cognitive Neuroscience, Psychiatry Resident, Graduate of the Comprehensive Course in Neuropsychiatry from Harvard University, USA

Abstract

Leadership is not an inherent and natural trait; rather, it is a specialized form of social interaction and a two-way, sometimes transformative process through which a coworker or member is allowed to influence other members and motivate them to achieve their group and individual goals. Leaders, whether willingly or unwillingly, must be familiar with the atmosphere of their organization. Most leaders who possess divine talent control the culture of their organization with a strange mixture of cognitive abilities, and this mixture is what we call emotional intelligence. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and strategic leadership style of second-tier managers employed at the Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran Branch. The method used in this study is descriptive-survey, and the present research is an applied research in terms of purpose. It was conducted in 1401 (Solar Hijri Calendar) and is considered a correlational study aimed at studying the correlation between two variables. The statistical population of this research includes all second-tier managers employed at the Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran Branch, and the researcher intends to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and strategic leadership in the mentioned university. Considering the available information about the managers and the small size of the statistical population in this research, the researcher studied all managers of the university, who are 52 in total. The theoretical and theoretical information was obtained through documentary and library studies, and the data collection method is in the form of a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed in two descriptive and inferential sections, where descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean, etc., were used in the descriptive section, and in the inferential section, correlation and simple and multiple linear regression tests were used through SPSS software.  Statistical tests indicate that emotional intelligence has a predictive power of 22.4% for the leadership style. Moreover, the results of the Pearson correlation coefficient test indicate that the relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership style is 0.474. The results suggest that in high emotional intelligence, individuals exhibit a relational leadership style, while in low emotional intelligence, individuals display a task-oriented leadership style. Additionally, among the sub-scales of emotional intelligence, social skills had the strongest relationship with leadership style, while self-awareness had the weakest relationship.

Keywords


Volume 6, Issue 2
March 2024
Pages 1-19
  • Receive Date: 02 January 2024
  • Revise Date: 24 February 2024
  • Accept Date: 07 March 2024