Guide for Authors



Please prepare your manuscript according to TDASS's format. Failure to meet the TDASS standard format will result postpone or rejection by the journal office.

TDASS's Paper Template


Online Submissions

Our selection of articles depends on the quality, breadth, and originality of the theme(s) covered and their bearing on the focus of the journal. We do not accept manuscripts published elsewhere. Also, all papers submitted will be checked with a powerful plagiarism detection software. The maximum number of pages should not exceed 20 including footnotes. Only one submission by an author will be considered at a time.

Learn about the publication process and how to submit your manuscript. If you have not registered yet, please click on: Register. After successfully registering, you should have a username and password. If you already have a username and password, please Login.


Before Submitting

Please read the two forms (1-Cover Letter Form 2-Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form) before the submission. These forms are just for the authors' information and there is no need to upload them. The corresponding author will be requested to fill it online during the submission process. Filling and uploading two forms of:

Cover Letter Form

Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form


Authors Contact Details

The corresponding author must present her/his academic e-mail address. According to current Editorial policy, students cannot submit the articles and corresponding authors should be academic staff of a university and hold at least a Ph.D. degree. If you are a student and wish to submit your article, please request your supervisor/professor to submit it as the corresponding author.



To finalize your submission, please suggest 3 reviewers along with their email addresses to facilitate the reviewing process.


Peer-Review Process

TDASS operates a single-blind review process. All submitted manuscripts will be initially assessed by the editor-in-chief for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of articles.


Cover Letter

Cover letters are required for all submissions. They must include a statement of originality and confirmation that the paper has not been submitted to any other journals or conferences. Confirmation and any relevant details of permissions and any information regarding the funding of research should be clearly stated in the cover letter when submitting a paper to the TDASS. Here you can see an example.


Language of paper

All articles must be written in UK English.


Essential Title page  Information

The following information should be included in a separate paper:

  • Paper title
  • Full author names (which determines the corresponding author )
  • Full institutional mailing addresses
  • Abstract

Font of paper, line spacing, and margin

    • Title: Times New roman 14
    • The abstract, Keywords, Affiliation, …, Appendixes: Times New Roman 9
    • Main text, Authors name, References: Times New Roman 10
    • Figures, Footnotes, Email address, and Table Captions: Times New Roman 9
    • Table Context : Times New Roman 9
    • Formulas: Cambria Math 10
    • Line spacing should be single.
    • Please adjust your manuscript file with this marginal format: 2.5 cm from the top, 2.3 cm from left, 2 cm from right, and 3 cm from the bottom.


All illustrations, whether diagrams or photographs, are referred to as Figures. Upon submission of an article, authors are supposed to include all figures and tables in the PDF file of the manuscript. Figures and tables should not be submitted in separate files. If the article is accepted, authors will be asked to provide the source files of the figures. Each figure should be supplied in a separate electronic file. All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order and figure caption should be cited under the figure. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, Word, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least, unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers. Use the abbreviation (e.g., “Fig. 1.”) even at the beginning of a sentence. Do not abbreviate “Table. 1.”

(Fig. 1. Example of Fig)



Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. The explanation of the table must be written above it. (Table. 1. Example of Table)


Article Structure

The text of the article should include the following:

  • Title: as short as possible, with no abbreviations or acronyms.
  • Abstract: This section should be succinct, with no subheadings, approximately 100 words, maximum 280.
  • Keywords: Right after the abstract, provide 3 to 6 keywords.
  • Text: Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections must be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc.
  • Conclusion: The main conclusions of the work may be presented in a short Conclusions section
  • Acknowledgment: All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references. Supporting grants, presentations, and so forth may also be included.


References and Notes:

The Journal uses the style of the APA to conform to international styles. The references section should be located following acknowledgements at the end of the text. Complete information should be given for each reference. List and number all references at the end of the paper. Multiple references are each numbered with separate brackets. When referring to them in the text, type the corresponding reference number in square brackets as shown at the end of this sentence. Number the citations consecutively. The sentence punctuation follows the brackets. Do not use "Ref. [3]" or "reference [3]" except at the beginning of a sentence. Examples: Books


Basic Format for a Book:

  • Reference List: Authors' Last name, First Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. (Edition) [if other than the 1st]. Publisher.

   ~ Book with One Author:

  • Reference List: Brader, T. (2006). Campaigning for hearts and minds: How emotional appeals in political ads work. University of Chicago Press. 

   ~ ​Book with Two Authors:

  • Reference List: Miller, T. E., & Schuh, J. H. (2005). Promoting reasonable expectations: Aligning student and institutional views of the college experience. Jossey-Bass.

Basic format for an eBook:

  • Reference List: Author's Last name, First Initial. (Year). Book title [format of book]. Publisher. URL 

  ~ Example:

  • Reference List: Brock, J., & Arciuli, J. (2014). Communication in autism [eBook edition]. John Benjamins Publishing Company.

APA Citation Examples: Articles

Basic Format for a Print Article: 

  • Last name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Magazine/Journal/Newspaper TitleVolume number(Issue number), Page numbers of the entire article.

   ~ Magazine Article:

  •  White, C. (2006, April). The spirit of disobedience: An invitation to resistance. Harper's Magazine, 312(1871), 31-40. 

   ~ Journal Article:

  • Newman, J. L., Fuqua, D. R., Gray, E. A., & Simpson, D. B. (2006). Gender differences in the relationship of anger and depression in a clinical sample. Journal of Counseling & Development84, 157-161.

    ~ Newspaper Article: 

  • Zernike, K. (2015, October 25). White House moves to limit school testing. New York Times, p. A1. 
  • Note: For newspaper articles,  or pp. precedes page numbers for a newspaper reference in APA style. Single pages take p., e.g., p. B2; multiple pages take pp., e.g., pp. B2, B4 or pp. C1, C3-C4. 

Basic Format for an Online Article:

  • Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Article title. Magazine/Journal/Newspaper Title, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. doi or URL of publication home page

   ~ Online Journal Article with DOI Assigned:

  • Basic Format: 
    • Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page range.
  • Example:
    • Denhart, H. (2008). Deconstructing barriers: Perceptions of students labeled with learning disabilities in higher education. Journal of Learning Disabilities41(6), 483-497.

   ~ Online Journal Article with no DOI Assigned:

  • Basic Format:
    • Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number).
  • Example: 
    • von Busch, O., & Palmas, K. (2016). Designing consent: Can design thinking manufacture democratic capitalism? Organizational Aesthetics, 5(2), 10-24. 


APA Citation Examples: Images

Basic Format for citing an image in the Reference List:

  • Last name, First initial. (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of work]. URL 

Note: If you can only find the screen name of an author, use that as the author's name. Maintain the formatting of the screen name. For example, if a screen name is in all lower case, keep the name in lower case in your citations. If there is no title, create your own title that describes the content of the image.

Example of a Reference List citation for an image: 

APA Citation Examples: Theses & Dissertations; IQPs & MQPs

Theses & Dissertations


Author Last Name, First Initials. (Year). Title of dissertation or thesis (Publication No. if available) [Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis, Name of Institution Awarding Degree]. Database Name. URL, if available

Cooper, B. S. (2018). Interactive planning and sensing for aircraft in uncertain environments with spatiotemporally evolving threats (Publication No. etd-042219-162643) [Doctoral dissertation, Worcester Polytechnic Institute]. Digital 

APA Citation Examples: Patents

Reference List Format: 

Inventor, A. A. (Year patent issued). Title of patent (U.S. Patent No. ###). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. URL

Reference List Example:

Bell, A. G. (1876). Improvement in telegraphy. (U.S. Patent No. 174,465). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.