Comparing the Effect of 12 Weeks of Aerobic and Kegel Exercises on Progesterone Hormone Levels and Postpartum Depression

Document Type : Original Article


1 Safahan Non-Profit Institute, Isfahan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Sports Physiology, Safahan Non-Profit Institute, Isfahan, Iran


Introduction: The concept of spirituality exists within all individuals. Although in traditional societies, spirituality was often considered in a religious context, changes in modern societies have led to individuals forming their own unique definitions and perceptions of spirituality. "Spirituality" is a distinct aspect of human existence, generated internally, which can lead to increased vitality and the encouragement of superior motivation and creativity within individuals.
Methods: For this research, 45 mothers who had passed the two-week postpartum stage underwent two evaluations: one to detect the existence of Beck's depression and another to quantify their progesterone levels. The language remains formal, objective, and free of biased or emotional tones, colloquial words or phrases, and ornamental expressions. The text follows established style guides and citation procedures, with consistent footnote style and formatting features. Punctuation, grammar, and spelling errors have been eliminated, and precise vocabulary has been utilised where necessary. The participants were then divided into three groups of 15 individuals each (control, aerobic, and Kegel). Aerobic workouts were recommended for three sessions weekly, lasting between 30 to 40 minutes, for a duration of 12 weeks. Technical terms are explained upon first use, and a logical flow of information with causative linkages between assertions has been ensured. During the study period, participants performed Kegel exercises twice daily for 15 minutes over a duration of 12 weeks. Due to the coronavirus pandemic and unique subject circumstances, exercise protocols were delivered online. After the last training session, examiners visited the mothers' homes 24 hours later to administer the Beck depression diagnosis and to collect blood samples. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS software, with a repeated measures analysis of variance.
Results: The study's results suggest that aerobic and Kegel exercises have a positive effect on the progesterone levels in the blood of mothers with depression (P=0.005 and F(2,42)=6.154). Furthermore, both types of exercise led to a decrease in depression scores (P=0.003 and F(2,42)=6.791). Although no significant differences were observed between the two training protocols (p>0.05), both types of exercise produced encouraging results for depressed mothers.
Conclusion: In this investigation, it was found that a regular and precise execution of aerobic and Kegel exercises for a duration of 12 weeks decreased postnatal depression levels in mothers while simultaneously improving hormonal changes. In addition, no significant difference was noted between the two exercise techniques.