An Operation Planning Model in a Reconfigurable Manufacturing System with Sustainability

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Industrial Engineering, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


There are various approaches to addressing the planning challenge of a complicated reconfigurable manufacturing system (RMS), with many focusing on optimizing the utilization of tools and machine allocation while overlooking sustainability considerations. This study aims to present an operational stage planning model for machining complex products in a factory that utilizes a reconfigurable manufacturing system. The goal is to enhance system performance and optimize equipment, machinery, and tool utilization while minimizing costs. In addition to considering effective tool use, machine allocation, and production planning, this model also incorporates sustainability concepts such as reducing energy consumption, optimizing operational duration, and tool exchange and replacement.


  • Abedzade, M., Taebi, M., Sadat, Z., Saberi, F. (2010). Knowledge and practice of pregnant women referred to Shabikhani maternity in Kashan about exercise during pregnancy and after childbirth. Journal of Medical Sciences of Jahrom, 8 (4): 43-48.
  • Rahimi, S., Seyyd Rasooli, A. 2004. Assessment of Knowledge and practice of pregnant women to exercise during pregnancy. journal of Iran nursing, 17(40): 6-10.
  • Zand, S., Zamani, A. 2009. Effect of Simple exercises and correct daily tasks on pregnancy outcome. Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Infertility, 12 (3): 51-57.
  • Dabiran, S., Hatmi, Z. 2005. A new approach to exercise in pregnancy: Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 63(12):974- 979.
  • Noohi, A., Nazemzade Shoaee, M., Nakhaee, N. 2010. Knowledge, attitude and practice of newly delivered women who hospitalized in maternity of Kerman city about exercise in pregnancy Bulletin of the School of Nursing and Midwifery. Iran University of Medical Sciences (Journal of Nursing), 22(66):64-72.
  • Clarke, P., Gross, H. (2004). Women's behaviour, beliefs and information sources about physical exercise in pregnancy. Midwifery, 20(2): 133-141.
  • Ribeiro, C., Milanez , H. (2011). Knowledge, attitude and practice of women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil with respect to physical exercise in pregnancy: a descriptive study." Reproductive Health 8 (31): 20-27.
  • Carmen, P. Ribeiro,H. Milanez, H. 2011. Knowledge, attitude and practice of women inCampinas, So Paulo, Brazil with respect to physical exercise in pregnancy: a descriptivestudy. Reproductive Health, 8(31):1-7.
  • Chiarelli, P., Murphy, B. ,Cockburn, J. (2003). Women's knowledge, practises, and intentions regarding correct pelvic floor exercises. Neurourology and urodynamics, 22(3): 246-249.
  • Hartmann, S., Bung, P. (1999). Physical exercise during pregnancy-physiological considerations and recommendations. Journal of perinatal medicine, 27(3): 204-215.
  • Duncombe, D., Duncombe, D., Wertheim, F., Eleanor, H., Skouteris, H., Paxton, S . (2009). Factors related to exercise over the course of pregnancy including women's beliefs about the safety of exercise during pregnancy. Midwifery, 25(4): 430-438.
  • Sampselle, C., Sampselle, C., Miller, M., Janis, M. (1998). Effect of pelvic muscle exercise on transient incontinence during pregnancy and after birth. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 91(3): 406-412.
  • Mudd, L. Nechuta, S. Pivarnik, J. Paneth, N. 2009. Factors associated with women's perceptions of physical activity safety during pregnancy and the Michigan Alliance for the National Children's Study. Preventive Medicine, 49:194–199.